- Large and stout salamander with a long, broad head.
Tail slightly shorter than body length.
Four toes on forelimbs, and five on hind limbs.
Twelve costal grooves.
- Black or slate-colored ground color with orange or yellow spots in irregular rows down each side of body from head to tip of tail
Gray ventral surface.
As an adult, Ambystoma maculatum can reach a total length of 15-25 cm (6-10 in).
In North America, Ambystoma maculatum has a broad range from Nova Scotia to south-central Ontario, south to Georgia and Texas.
Ambystoma maculatum is rarely seen above ground. Many individuals can be seen congregating at one pond during breeding time.
Breeding in Ambystoma maculatum occurs in early spring with warm rains. Internal fertilization occurs and one or more egg mass is laid and attached to submerged vegetation.
Ambystoma maculatum prefers moist environments and may be seen under boards or fallen logs, near permanent and temporary ponds.
The spotted salamander is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, Ambystoma maculatum is found in the northern and central parts of east Texas.