- Large head and relatively short tail.
Four toes on forelimbs, and five on hind limbs.
Ten or eleven costal grooves.
- Dorsal color is black, brown, or gray with scattered bluish-white flecks.
Gray ventral surface.
Ambystoma talpoideum reach an adult total length between 8-12 cm (3.2-5 in).
In North America, Ambystoma talpoideum is found from South Carolina to Florida, west to Texas and Oklahoma.
Ambystoma talpoideum burrows in loose soil and remains underground except during breeding season.
Breeding in Ambystoma talpoideum occurs from December to February after cold rains. Females lay up to 400 eggs in small masses in shallow pools.
Ambystoma talpoideum can be seen in lowland, moist, wooded areas with soil suitable for burrowing, in mammal burrows, or under logs.
The mole salamander is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, Ambystoma talpoideum is found in two populations in east Texas: one along the Red River and the other along the Texas/Louisiana border.