- Stout toad with NO boss between eyes (present in S. bombifrons).
Hind limbs have single, wedge-shaped tubercle, or spade on inner surface (sickle-shaped in Scaphiopus).
- Dorsal color varies from gray to brown, may also be green or almost black with orange or yellow tipped warts on back.
Four vague light-stripes may run length of dorsum.
Ventral surface white or cream-colored.
Spea multiplicata reaches an adult size between 4-7 cm (1.5-2.5 in).
In North America, Spea multiplicata is found in the southwest United States and central Mexico.
Spea multiplicata is nocturnal, but is rarely seen without rain. It burrows deeply underground backwards using its hind feet.
Breeding in Spea multiplicata occurs from January to August with rain. Eggs hatch within 48 hours and the tadpoles develop quickly in young toadlets in less than 14 days.
Spea multiplicata prefers arid regions with loose, sandy soil, grasslands, and cultivated fields.
The New Mexican spadefoot is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, Spea multiplicata is found in west Texas and the Panhandle.