- Cranial crests well defined and form a "valley" between them.
Parotoid glands, connected to the cranial crests, are triangular.
Rather flat toad.
- Dorsal color varies from almost black to brownish-yellow.
Broad dark stripe down each side of dorsum, each with light stripes just above.
Additional light middorsal stripe present.
Male throat yellow-green, female throat not pigmented.
Bufo nebulifer grows to an adult size of 5-10 cm (2-4 in).
In North America, Bufo nebulifer is found along the Gulf Coast from Louisiana to northern Mexico.
Bufo nebulifer feeds on insects attracted to light sources and is most active at twilight.
Breeding in Bufo nebulifer takes place from March to September.
The habitat of Bufo nebulifer varies widely from coastal prairies and barrier beaches along the Gulf of Mexico to roadside and irrigation ditches to urban/suburban sewers and backyard gardens.
The gulf coast toad is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, Bufo nebulifer is found in central and south Texas, along with the southern portion of east Texas.