- Stout toad with NO boss between eyes (S. hurterii with boss).
- Vertical pupils.
- Skin covered with many small warts.
- Hind limbs have single, sickle-shaped tubercle (a spade) on inner surface (tubercle is wedge-shaped in Spea).
- Dorsal coloration varies from bright green-yellow to brown-yellow with dorsal surface mottled with dark green, brown, or black markings.
White ventral surface.
Scaphiopus couchii grows to an adult size of 6-11 cm (2.2-3.5 in).
In North America, Scaphiopus couchii is found in the southwest United States extending into Mexico, including the Baja Peninsula.
Scaphiopus couchii is nocturnal, but it is rarely seen without rain. It burrows deeply underground backwards using its hind feet.
Breeding in Scaphiopus couchii takes place from April to September following heavy rains. Eggs hatch within 36 hours and the tadpoles develop quickly, often metamorphosing into toadlets within two weeks.
Scaphiopus couchii prefers grassland prairies and mesquite savannas. It seeks shelter under fallen logs and is adapted to arid and semi-arid conditions.
Couch's spadefoot is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, Scaphiopus couchii is found throughout the western two-thirds of the state.