- Two throat folds (one weak).
- No external ear openings.
- The three subspecies of Holbrookia maculata found in Texas are distinguished by their color and pattern.
Two black diagonal marks on the sides posterior to the forelegs; diagonal marks rimmed in blue on males, less distinct on females .
No markings on ventral surface of tail.
Holbrookia maculata can grow to lengths of 11-15 cm (4.5-6 in), including tail.
In North America, Holbrookia maculata has a broad range, from southern South Dakota to Texas and Arizona and into central Mexico.
Holbrookia maculata is an active, diurnal lizard. They shelter in burrows and cover themselves with sand to hide. They feed on spiders and insects.
Breeding takes place in spring and early summer. Eggs may be laid from May to August, with an average of 5 eggs per clutch.
Holbrookia maculata prefers sandy desert grasslands, areas with sparse vegetation, prairies, farmlands, and dry streambeds.
The lesser earless lizard is not a protected species in Texas and can be legally collected with a hunting license.
In Texas, the three subspecies of Holbrookia maculata are present in north Texas, the Panhandle, and west Texas.